|12 Years a Slave|
Les Misérables was the leading UK film release of the year grossing over £40m and making it one of the UK’s most successful films since 1989. The leading independent UK films were Philomena (£11m), Rush (£10m) and Quartet (£8m), all of which were a hot ticket for cinemagoers in the 45-plus age group. Younger audiences enjoyed a fantastic year at the cinema too, making animation the leading genre at the UK box office – £247m across 33 releases – and helping Despicable Me 2 to become the biggest grossing film of the year with £47 million. Skyfall, released in 2012 and taking over £102m, continues to be the UK’s biggest box office success ever.
Most films are watched on small rather than big screens, with just under 7,000 titles on UK television last year and an average of 53 film viewings per person in 2013.
With more films released in cinemas than ever before in 2013 (a total of 698, marking an average 13 titles a week), competition for audiences has never been higher, but the range of films available, the ways in which audiences can enjoy them, and the appetite for film viewing continues to grow.
The yearbook reports that distributors are releasing a greater number of specialised films, 446 during the year, earning £110m at the box office, including foreign language and documentary films. Significant successes include Dhoom: 3, which becomes the first Indian language film to join the ranks of the top 10 foreign language films released in the UK since 2001. Research estimates for community cinemas and film societies also suggest audience growth.
The BFI reports that UK films and talent won 26 major awards in 2013/2014, led by the BAFTA and Oscar successes of 12 Years a Slave and Gravity. The two films’ achievements marked a landmark year, with 12 Years a Slave the first film to be made by a black director to win the Oscar for Best Film, and Gravity flying the flag internationally for the excellence of the UK’s VFX industry.
Culture minister Ed Vaizey said: “Today’s figures reveal that the UK film industry continues to be not only one of the world’s greatest providers of cinematic entertainment, but also a massive driver of economic growth. With film production spend up almost 30%, and box office takings of more than £1 billion for the third consecutive year, the industry is thriving and we will continue to support this dynamic sector.”
Compiled by the BFI’s Research & Statistics Unit, the Statistical Yearbook presents the most comprehensive picture of film in the UK and the performance of British films abroad during 2013. Now in its twelfth year, the Yearbook is a valuable evidence base for industry and policy-makers. The full report, 2014 Statistical Yearbook, can be found at: www.bfi.org.uk/statisticalyearbook2014
UK box office: A £1 billion audience
UK box office revenues exceeded £1 billion for the third successive year proving cinema’s enduring appeal and staying power in an increasingly competitive leisure and entertainment market.
Overall, box office during the calendar year was £1.1 billion, a 1% dip on 2012, which was a record year and notable for the release of the UK’s biggest ever film, Skyfall. Cinema admissions were 165.5 million admissions compared to 172.5 million in 2012.
|Despicable Me 2|
Six UK/US produced films staked their claim in the top ranking films of the year, led by Les Misérables in third place. The BFI said: “In earning £41m the musical was the leading UK film of the year, becoming one of the most successful British films since 1989, and its performance in topping the box office charts for four weeks was unequalled by any other release in 2013. “
Despite an increase in the number of 3D films released (46 from 43), takings from 3D films were down overall (£207m, down from £216m). However, the second highest grossing British film of the year was multi-award winning UK-made Gravity, which grossed £31 million and was the top 3D release of the year. The BFI said: “With 79% of its total gross coming from 3D screenings (as opposed to 21% from 2D), Gravity demonstrated a continuing trend among UK cinemagoers who are becoming more selective in their choice of 3D films, choosing the format for films where it makes a real contribution to their experience but sticking to 2D where they don’t perceive an added value. In a year in which more films were released, yet without the muscle of Bond, UK films took a robust 20% share of the total box office for the UK and Republic of Ireland, with the top 20 releases grossing over £231m.”
Younger audiences, 7-24 years, accounted for 47% of all admissions in a year in which animation accounted for only 5% of releases, but ran away with 21% of the box office. Comedy accounted for the highest proportion of releases (22%) and 14% of the box office, with the biggest film being The Hangover Part III, and it was also the leading genre amongst independent British films titles. Adventure films took more money per cinema on average across all genres with the most successful being The Hunger Games: Catching Fire.
“Significantly British films were the draw for older audiences,” said the BFI. “A wide variety of genres including musical films, action, drama, sci-fi and romantic comedy were popular with cinema-goers in the 45-54 age range with Sunshine on Leith, Rush and Filth attracting significant above average audiences in that age group. For audiences in the 55+ age group, dramas, biopics and musical films held the greatest appeal, led by Quartet, Philomena and Les Misérables, all of which are, significantly, British films.”
Film viewing on smaller screens” TV, DVD, Blu-ray, Video on Demand
Film revenue generated by all video platforms, a crucial part of a film’s value chain, was worth £1.4 billion in 2013. Physical video sales fell to 119 million units last year and rentals to 53 million transactions, but combined they generated £1.1 billion with the most popular purchase being Skyfall.
The BFI said: “Market data on video-on-demand (VoD), which enables audiences to access films through a range of devices, anytime, anywhere, is limited but was estimated to be worth £323 million, showing a 37% growth on 2012 and is now 400% higher since 2002. Apple was the highest earning VoD provider in the UK with Netflix the fastest growing provider.
“In terms of viewer numbers, television is the single most important platform for seeing films, offering almost 7,000 film titles across all channels and reaching a cumulative film audience of 3.4 billion, 20 times the number of cinema admissions. On average, people see 53 films a year on television.”
Up was the most watched film on terrestrial TV with 7.9 million viewers or 12% of the population on New Year’s Day and Skyfall was the top film on pay TV. The most popular UK independent films on terrestrial television were The King’s Speech (2.9 million viewers) followed by The Iron Lady (2.7 million) and The Inbetweeners Movie (2.6 million).
UK talent and films
The UK’s international reputation for world-class filmmaking and creative talent remains consistently high. The global theatrical market, which hit a new record in 2013, was worth almost $36 billion with UK films earning $4.1 billion, or a 11.4% share.
The BFI said: “UK studio-backed films were a massive engine in generating 9.8% of the worldwide box office in 2013 with earnings of $3.4 billion, but independent UK films played a considerable part contributing over $649m, or 1.6% of global revenues and achieving an increase of £24 million on 2012. Fast & Furious 6, made in the UK, was the top grossing UK film worldwide with earnings of $788m. For the first time, the Yearbook has been able to look at the performance of British films in China where UK films earned $266m and held 8% of the market and Russia where they earned $164m.
UK story material is enjoyed by audiences worldwide. “Of the top 200 global box office successes between 2001 and 2013/2014, 32 films are based on stories and characters created by UK writers, earning more than $23 billion at the worldwide box office,” said the BFI.
“British writers continue to hold their places in world cinema history with novels by British writers providing the source material for eight of the 20 most successful films worldwide over the past 13 years. 14.2% of the writers of UK films released in the UK in 2013 were women (up from 13.4% in 2012); 14.1% of the directors of UK films released in the UK in 2013 were women (up from 7.8% in 2012).
“Nearly two-thirds of the top grossing 200 films internationally since 2001 have featured British talent in leading roles but 2013 broke new ground for the UK. In 2013/2014, the UK collected 26 major awards including 13 BAFTAs and six Oscars®, however in 2014 Alfonso Cuarón’s Gravity put the spotlight on the quality and expertise of the UK’s VFX industry and Steve McQueen’s 12 Years a Slave was a landmark of creativity and diversity.”
The UK film economy : a £7.3 billion business
The UK film industry continues to be a valuable part of the UK’s creative and screen sector with a turnover of £7.3 billion and a direct contribution to Gross Domestic Product of £2.9 billion – more than twice its 1995 contribution in real terms*. The industry exported £1.3 billion worth of services comprising £792m in royalties and £550m in film production services. Exports were 71% higher in 2012 than in 1995 and the UK film trade surplus was £789m.
The BFI said: “Film is a significant employer with more than 66,000 people (70,000 in 2012) working across the film and video industries in 2013 of whom 42,000 (46,000 in 2012) work in film and video production. Just under half of those working in production were freelance.”
UK film production
The year saw a total production spend in the UK of £1.1 billion, up 7.5% on 2012’s £994m. The total number of films made budgeted at £500,000 and above was 137 compared with 149 in 2012.
The BFI said: “Driving this boost in spend were 37 inward investment films bringing international investment into the UK by using its world-class facilities, services and crew. These larger budget films, some of which are produced from the UK, include Far From The Madding Crowd, Paddington Bear, Guardians of the Galaxy, The Man from U.N.C.L.E., The Imitation Game and The Monuments Men and contributed £861m (up 28% on 2012’s £671m from 39 films) and accounted for 81% of the total UK production spend.”
The year saw 37 co-productions made (45 in 2012) including Jimmy’s Hall, Suite Francaise, The Face of An Angel and The Duke of Burgundy with a spend of £54 million, down from £75 million in 2012.
The number of domestic UK films budgeted at £500,000 and upwards which went into production remained stable with 63 compared to 65 in 2012, including Mr. Turner, Pride, Alan Partridge: Alpha Papa, Mrs Brown’s Boys D’Movie, Starred Up, Sunshine on Leith, The Falling and Nativity 3: Dude, Where’s My Donkey? The combined spend across all domestic UK films was £154 million, a drop on 2012’s £248m.
The BFI said: “The success of the UK film tax relief in ensuring the UK retains its competitiveness as a production destination for international filmmakers and supporting UK independent production is now mirrored by the introduction of new tax reliefs for high-end television productions, animation programmes and video games.”
For the first time, and a year since they were first introduced, the Yearbook reports the impact of these new tax reliefs which have seen a UK production spend of £395m for high-end television productions, 57% of which was on inward investment productions, and £52m for animation projects, 15% of which was attributed to inward investment productions.
The BFi said: “High-end television productions shot in the UK during 2013 included Game of Thrones, Outlander and 24: Live Another Day while animation projects included Bing Bunny and PIP! Collectively this TV and animation spend is equivalent to 40% of the production spend on film.”
**Adjusted for inflation
* UK studio-backed films - UK films wholly or partly financed but made with UK cast, crew, locations, facilities, post-production and often UK source material.